Ratified 2nd August 1854." Some North Carolina Tuscarora feel that the Tuscarora that left North Carolina abandoned the home lands, and that both groups should be allowed to have a relationship with the federal government. Its members are working toward developing and implementing solutions to problems that have created division among them in the past. Joined by other tribes, the Tuscarora War (1711-13) expanded beyond North Carolina’s resources, and they called on South Carolina for assistance. Sky Holder is the beneficent God the Father, upholding the heavens and acting as a caretaker and teacher of the Tuscarora people. The plant continues to generate cheap electricity for households located from the Niagara area to as far away as New York City.[23]. Through the generations they had intermarried with neighbors but identify culturally as Tuscarora. Both colonies agreed to consider as friendly only those Tuscarora who accepted Blount's leadership. How to increase brand awareness through consistency; Dec. 11, 2020. The Tuscarora originated in the area of the Atlantic coastal plain that became North Carolina. "[citation needed]. In the mid-20th century, New York City commissioner Robert Moses generated controversy by negotiating with the Tuscarora Sachem council and purchasing 550 acres of the Tuscarora reservation for the reservoir of the new hydroelectric project along the Niagara River, downriver from Niagara Falls. The Nu Yah, as it is called, is still another type of celebration, which is observed in its most highly developed form among the Tuscaroras of New York State. The data for the history of the Tuscarora are meager and fragmentary, hence while they were at first an important people of North Carolina, little is definitely known regarding them, and that little usually applies to only a part of the people. Chief Hancock lived closer to present-day New Bern, occupying the area south of the Pamlico River. [31] The TNOFC is an interim, un-incorporated government; they have based it on provisions outlined in wampum 96 of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois League) Great Law of Peace. In Tuscarora stories, Hoop Snakes lived underwater and were feared for their ability to catch humans and drag them underwater to drown. The Tuscarora are upset over the practices of white traders, the capture and enslavement of Indians by whites, and the continuing encroachment of settlers onto Tuscarora hunting grounds. A petition by the Hatteras Tuscarora, submitted to the federal government in 1978, was placed on hold. Under the leadership of Tom Blunt, the Tuscarora who remained in North Carolina signed a treaty with the colony in June 1718. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis, The Tuscarora Tribe Endured Violence and Upheaval, But Some Have Survived to Tell Their Story. THE NEW RELIGION. Both the New York Tuscarora and the North Carolina Tuscarora bands claim the historical name of the tribe. Blunt succeeded in capturing Hancock, who was tried and executed by North Carolina officials. As the New York tribe is federally recognized and is the longest organized as a tribal government, it is considered the legal successor to the historic tribe. [13] In 1715, seventy warriors of the southern Tuscarora went to South Carolina to assist colonists against the Yamasee. Traditionally, the Tuscarora depended heavily on cultivating corn (maize); they were also expert … Address: 5616 Walmore Road, Lewiston, NY … In Tuscarora stories, Hoop Snakes lived underwater and were feared for their ability to catch humans and drag them underwater to drown. They intermarried with other residents. In 1971 the Tuscarora in Robeson County sought to get an accounting of their lands and rents due them under the unratified treaty of 1803. Oneida, self-name Onᐱyoteʔa∙ká (“People of the Standing Stone”), Iroquoian-speaking North American Indian tribe living, at the time of European contact, in what is now central New York state, U.S. Godasiyo: Legendary female chief of the Tuscarora tribe. Unpublished typescript. They also hunted big game such as deer and bears. Look at other dictionaries: Tuscarora — may refer to the following:Native American*Tuscarora (tribe) *Tuscarora language, an Iroquoian language of the Tuscarora people *Tuscarora War, fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February 1715PlacesIn Maryland: *Tuscarora … Wikipedia. Linguists and historians have both tried to determine when the Iroquoian-speaking Meherrin and Nottoway tribes separated from the Tuscarora. Only the tribes in New York and Ontario have been recognized on a government-to-government basis by the respective national governments. The historic nation encountered by Europeans in North Carolina had three tribes: These affiliations continued to be active as independent groups after the tribe migrated to New York and, later, Ontario. They also hunted big game such as deer and bears. Hodge, an early 19th-century historian, wrote that the Tuscarora in North Carolina traditionally were said to occupy the "country lying between the sea shores and the mountains, which divide the Atlantic states," in which they had 24 large towns and could muster about 6,000 warriors, probably meaning persons. Ancient Lutetia: The Roman Roots of Paris, The Ġgantija Temples of Gozo: A Mysterious Megalithic Complex of Maltese Giants and Dwarfs, WWI British Spy Used Ancient Roman Lookout Island. Numerous cultures, nations, and civilizations fell in their wake. Some descendants of the southern remnants have continued to identify as Tuscarora and have organized some bands. Home Meet Our Chiefs HISTORY Tuscarora Crafts and Products About News Contact At The Long House ENROLLMENT PREVIOUS EVENTS EVENTS Home Meet Our Chiefs ... Tuscarora History. His History of Carolina, having bee… The Shroud of Turin: Jesus' Bloodstained Burial Cloth or a Fascinating Forgery? The allied Indian tribes killed hundreds of settlers, including several key political figures among the colonists. He died in the year 1795. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2021Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. Tuscarora traditional agriculture is based on a triad of plants that have sustained tribes across North America for millennia. In 1989, the Solicitor of the Department of Interior ruled that the Lumbee Act of 1956, which acknowledged the Lumbee as Native American, at the same time barred all Indians within Robeson and adjoining counties from consideration as a federally recognized tribe within the "Branch of Acknowledgement and Research" petitioning process. Tuscarora, self-name Skarù∙ręʔ (“People of the Shirt”), Iroquoian-speaking North American Indian tribe. Chief Tom Blunt did not join him in the war. At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. The Iroquois Five Nations of New York had penetrated as far as the Tuscarora homeland in North Carolina by 1701, and nominally controlled the entire frontier territory lying in between. After the defeat in the battle of 1713, about 1500 Tuscarora fled north to New York to join the Iroquois Confederacy, while as many as 1500 additional Tuscarora sought refuge in the colony of Virginia. This American Indian tribe had their origins in what is now the state of North Carolina, with many later moving to New York and then into Canada. The Midwinter Festival is the "old way" and is preserved by the followers of the traditional Iroquois religion. Address: 5616 Walmore Road, Lewiston, NY … The Mingo were later forced in Indian Removals to Indian Territory in present-day Kansas, and lastly, in Oklahoma. However, in the 1710s, the Tuscarora became involved in a … Cover Sheet: "1854. Tuscarora Indian Nation of North Carolina, org. In 1937 descendants reorganized and were federally recognized as the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.

Tuscarora is a census-designated place (CDP) in Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, United States. The Tuscarora: The Tuscarora were one of the many tribes that lived along the Eastern Seaboard of North America during the people of European contact. The Midwinter Festival is the "old way" and is preserved by the followers of the traditional Iroquois religion. Surnames, Mitchell, and Reynolds. When first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, the Tuscarora occupied what is now North Carolina.They were noted for their use of indigenous hemp for fibre and medicine.. The Tuscarora (in Tuscarora Skarù:ręˀ, "hemp gatherers" or "Shirt-Wearing People" ) are a Native American tribe and First Nations band government of the Iroquoian-language family, with members today in New York and Ontario. In 1763 and 1766 additional Tuscarora migrated north to settle with other Iroquoian peoples in northern and western Pennsylvania (where the Susquehannock and Erie people both had territory) and New York. [26] Scholars and scientists no longer consider such physical exams to be a valid method of determining biological ancestry. They became known as Mingo while in the Midwest, coalescing as a group in Ohio. Beginning about 1713 after the war, contingents of Tuscarora began leaving North Carolina for the north. This restriction as to eligibility for services was a condition which tribal representatives agreed to at the time in order to achieve the name designation for their group. The Tuscarora were "defeated with great slaughter; more than three hundred were killed, and one hundred made prisoners. Answer to: What did the Tuscarora tribe live in? This was the area occupied by Chief Blunt and his people. The Tuscarora were originally part of a group of ancient Iroquoian nations originating in the Lake Ontario and Lake Erie regions, so they were reuniting with tribes familiar to them. In 2006 the Skaroreh Katenuaka Nation, "AKA: Tuscarora Nation of Indians of North Carolina", filed a federal lawsuit for recognition. The colonies of Virginia and North Carolina both recognized Tom Blunt, who had taken the last name Blount, as "King Tom Blount" of the Tuscarora. The first successful and permanent settlement of North Carolina by Europeans began in earnest in 1653.. The Great Peacemaker and Hiawatha: The legendary founders of the Iroquois Confederacy and architects of the Great Law. Film Number Tuscarora Six Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C. Chowanoac Indians were a tribe of Indians of the Algonquian language group living along both banks of the present-day Chowan River in northeastern North Carolina at the time of European settlement in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. [16] After white settlers began to pour into what is now the Martinsburg area from around 1730, the Tuscarora continued northward to join those in western New York. Here is just a brief history on the wars. The Lumbee Act designated the Indians of Robeson, Hoke, Scotland, and Cumberland counties as the "Lumbee Indians of North Carolina. In 1712, this force attacked the southern Tuscarora and other nations in Craven County at Fort Narhontes, on the banks of the Neuse River. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. [8] The Tuscarora Nation of Lewiston, New York, says that the great majority of the tribe moved north to New York and does not recognize the Lumbee claim of connection. Before initial contact (1650), the English, based on reports from Algonquian natives, thought the three tribes were one people, as the Algonquian speakers referred to them by the exonym Mangoag. After the Tuscarora War, many of the Tuscarora left NC and migrated north to Penn. In May 2010 leaders and individuals from the various Tuscarora factions in the Robeson County area came together to form the Tuscarora Nation One Fire Council (TNOFC). Tuscarora traditional agriculture is based on a triad of plants that have sustained tribes across North America for millennia. Note 1 It WITHHELD FEDERAL RECOGNITION as a "Tribe", as agreed to by the Lumbee leaders. [14] Over the next several decades, the colonial government continually reduced the Tuscarora tract, forcing cessions of land to the encroaching settlers. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation, Federal Power Commission v. Tuscarora Indian Nation, "Tuscarora Nation Demographics & Statistics — Employment, Education, Income Averages, Crime in Tuscarora Nation — Point2 Homes", https://web.archive.org/web/20140908155432/http://www.tuscaroranationnc.com/history, "Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture", Wayne E. Clark, "Indians in Maryland, an Overview", "Native American Project History of Berkeley County", "Robeson casinos raided; dozens of 'sovereign citizens' arrested :: WRAL.com", "Through Native Eyes: The Henry Berry Lowrie Story", Settlement of the northern shores of Lake Ontario, Heath Farm Jasper Quarry Archeological Site, Iron Hill Cut Jasper Quarry Archeological Site, Walker Prehistoric Village Archeological Site, Magothy Quartzite Quarry Archeological Site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tuscarora_people&oldid=1001222711, Federally recognized tribes in the United States, Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands, Native American history of New York (state), Native American tribes in New York (state), Native Americans in the American Revolution, Articles needing additional references from January 2008, All articles needing additional references, "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation, Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. He said the were from a tribe that … [14] The remaining Southern Tuscarora were forced to remove from their villages on the Pamlico River and relocate to the villages of Ooneroy and Resootskeh in Bertie County. 84–570, 70 Stat. By 1711 Chief Hancock believed he had to attack the settlers to fight back. Members are closely related to one another. Between 1700 and 1725, the Caribbean was a relatively lawless place with numerous merchant ships traversing the high seas with no authorities to protect them. Although without a reservation, some Tuscarora descendants remained in the southern regions of the state. Working Today to Create a Better Tomorrow. 180 p. Dec. 1989. As of 2010, several bands in Robeson County have united on an interim basis as the Tuscarora Nation One Fire Council. Address: 5616 Walmore Road, Lewiston, NY 14092 Phone: (716)297-4990 Fax: Email: Official Website: Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? The TNOFC maintains separate membership enrollment from, and their members are not part of, the state-recognized Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, the largest state-recognized tribe in North Carolina and are also located in Robeson County. TUSCARORA TRIBE OF NC. Since the late 20th century, they have organized and reformed in various configurations. Power Comm. The Tuscarora Nation of New York is an Iroquoian tribe with members in North Carolina and New York in the US.There is also a Tuscarora First Nation band in Canada. The large migration of Tuscarora people was a result of their defeat by the Carolina colonists and their Indian allies in the Tuscarora War . In 1803 a final contingent of southern Tuscarora migrated to New York to join the reservation of their tribe in Niagara County. As colonial settlement surrounded Indian Woods, the Tuscarora suffered discrimination and other acts: they were overcharged or denied use of ferries, restricted in hunting, and cheated in trade; their timber was illegally logged, and their lands were continuously encroached upon by herders and squatters. [30] Skaroreh Katenuaka Nation, the Hatteras Tuscarora, and the Tuscarora Nation of the Carolinas are all based in Robeson County. None has state or federal recognition. Other native nations throughout the world have regained their lands and gov ernments. In 1722, the Bertie County Reservation, which would officially become known as "Indian Woods," was chartered by the colony. They joined the Confederacy in 1722. Had an uncle that spent his life researching our background and took all his info found to the grave with him. Governor Edward Hyde called out the North Carolina militia and secured the assistance of South Carolina, which provided 600 militia and 360 allied Native Americans commanded by Col. John Barnwell. Immediately following defeat, about 1500 Tuscarora fled to NY to join the Iroquois Confederacy. Other Tuscarora bands sojourned in the Juniata River valley of Pennsylvania, before reaching New York. Fishing contributed significantly to their diet, as they could fish both in the rivers and gather shellfish and other fish from the ocean(Waldman 2006). The first successful and permanent settlement of North Carolina by Europeans began in earnest in 1653. The TNOFC assembles weekly. Although the Nottoway language went extinct in the early 1900s, linguists have been able to determine that it was distinct, although closely related to Tuscarora. Official Tribal Name: Tuscarora Nation of New York. Tuscarora Indian Fact Sheet. Most of the warriors of the other four Iroquois nations supported Great Britain, and many participated in battles throughout New York. The Tuscarora People: The Tuscarora people controlled a large part of North Carolina prior to the 1710s. In 1722 300 fighting men; along with their wives, children, and the elderly, resided at Indian Woods. It is so large, in fact, that it was said to have been wielded by a giant. Sponsored by the Oneida, they were accepted in 1722 as the Sixth Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee. 254), passed by Congress in late May 1956 and signed by President Dwight David Eisenhower, designated the Lumbee as an Indian people. of State, NC 05/08/1972, Robeson Co. John R. Swanton, "The Indians of the Southeastern United States", Smithsonian Institution. Tuscarora Trading Post; Contact; Ek-weh-ewe . : “To the Secretary of War : “This will show the operations of the schools from their organization Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Their lifestyle there included hunting and gathering, as well as some farming. In 1802 the last Indian Woods Tuscarora negotiated a treaty with the United States, by which land would be held for them that they could lease. The total number of households is 1,730 with 2 people per household on average.The median age of the current population is 49 with 1,850 people being married and 1,690 being single. The most numerous indigenous people in the area, they lived along the Roanoke, Neuse, Tar (Torhunta or Narhontes), and Pamlico rivers. The Tuscarora Homes Foods Religion Art Games Roles of Men Woman and Children The Tuscarora Tribe was one of the tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy. [15] At least three bands have organized in Robeson County. The present area from Martinsburg, West Virginia west to Berkeley Springs has roads, creeks, and land still named after the Tuscarora people, including a development in Hedgesville called "The Woods" where the street names contain reference to the Tuscarora people, and which contains a burial mound adopted by the West Virginia Division of Culture as an Archaeological Site in 1998. The Norimitsu Odachi is a huge sword from Japan. [24] In addition, the Cheroenhaka (Nottoway) Tribe has been working hard to revitalize the Nottoway Language in recent times. There is record circa 1763 that some Tuscarora had not migrated to the Iroquois, and remained in the Panhandle instead, stayed and fought under Shawnee Chief Cornstalk.[17]. They attacked on September 22, 1711, beginning the Tuscarora War. The Tuscarora people are an American Native group. Roll 832 - - - Tuscarora New York Agency,1835-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 582-97 - - 579700-579709 Tuscarora In 1804 the last band to leave North Carolina went to New York. During the American Revolutionary War, part of the Tuscarora and Oneida nations in New York allied with the rebel colonists. By 1767 only 104 persons were residing on the reservation in Bertie County. The Tuscarora Nation of New York is federally recognized. In the 17th Century, the Tuscaroras encountered European settlers an… As of 1980, there were 11,000 Tuscaroras in Robeson County (see p. 13). They aligned with the Iroquois in New York, because of their ancestral linguistic and cultural connections. Is This the Real Reason Why Pirates Wore Eyepatches? There are 1,894 male residents living in Tuscarora Nation and 2,129 female residents. The Tuscarora Nation of New York is an Iroquoian tribe with members in North Carolina and New York in the US.There is also a Tuscarora First Nation band in Canada. Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 RG 75 Roll 693 FHL. These are generally based on documented descent from a historical list of agreed-upon members or descent from known living members. Most people who have the Rh blood type are Rh-positive. National government-recognized Tuscarora tribes, J.N.B. Look at other dictionaries: Tuscarora — may refer to the following:Native American*Tuscarora (tribe) *Tuscarora language, an Iroquoian language of the Tuscarora people *Tuscarora War, fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February 1715PlacesIn Maryland: *Tuscarora … Wikipedia. In the 1960s, the surviving eight of these 22 people, with many of their descendants and approximately 2,000 other individuals in their communities[27] organized an official Tuscarora political infrastructure in Robeson County. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. In 1713 the Southern Tuscarora were defeated at their Fort Neoheroka (formerly spelled Neherooka), with 900 killed or captured in the battle. [4], In late 17th and early 18th-century North Carolina, European colonists reported two primary branches of the Tuscarora: a northern group led by Chief Tom Blunt, and a southern group led by Chief Hancock. The southern Tuscarora collaborated with the Pamlico, the Cothechney, the Coree, the Mattamuskeet and the Matchepungoe nations to attack the settlers in a wide range of locations within a short time period. process for recognition. 1711 Early September: Tuscarora capture surveyor John Lawson, New Bern founder Baron von Graffenried, and two African slaves. By contrast, Chief Hancock had to deal with more numerous colonists encroaching on his community. [22], The Tuscarora have continued to struggle to protect their land in New York. Family background is supposed to be Tuscarora or Shawnee, from that area. 4656 (Pub. Petition for Federal Recognition. In 1831 the Indian Woods Tuscarora sold the remaining rights to their lands. The Tuscarora are an Iroquoian-language family Native American tribe and First Nations band government, with members in North Carolina, New York and Ontario today. They are one of the original five nations of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy.Like the other Iroquois tribes, the Oneida were semisedentary and practiced corn … Chief Blunt occupied the area around what is present-day Bertie County, North Carolina, on the Roanoke River. They coalesced as a people around the Great Lakes, likely about the same time as the rise of the Five Nations of the historic Iroquois Confederacy, also Iroquoian-speaking and based then in present-day New York. Paleo rock art from around the world ranges in style, method, and age, and includes cave paintings, petroglyphs, pictographs, polished and engraved stones such as effigies, stone sculptures, and portable ceremonial objects. [5][6][7] [8]. Their principal targets were against the planters on the Roanoke, Neuse and Trent rivers, as well as the city of Bath. In the 1930s, the Department of Interior conducted physical examinations of 209 individuals residing in Robeson County and determined that 22 possessed at least 1/2 or more degree of Indian blood, and that 18 more were borderline or near-borderline cases. 1890 Tuscarora Nation Map; The Tuscarora Language; The People V Neil Patterson Jr. Fed. Blog. Description: An historical report regarding the relation of the Hatteras Tuscarora tribe of Robeson County, North Carolina, to the original Tuscarora Indian tribe prepared for the Hatteras Tuscarora Tribal Foundation by professor of history Peter H. Wood of Duke University, with the assistance of Deborah Montgomerie and Susan Yarnell. "[13] This refers to the Tuscarora migrating to central-western New York to live with the Oneida and other Iroquois nations. The Tuscarora Tribe of North Carolina. 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From that area the Father, upholding the heavens and acting as a tribe with the and... Factors helped to make this period the golden age of piracy out that many common about! Ancient times from the New York on his community make this period the golden age of piracy “ people the! Which they identify as Tuscarora and have organized some bands first successful and permanent of... Odachi is a lot of information that is hidden Pyramids in an Icy Landscape: was there an Global! Sword from Japan raided his villages and kidnapped people to sell into slavery on land later incorporated into the of. To Light and reformed in various configurations migrating to central-western New York no longer having status., igniting a two-year conflict known as H.R sold off portions of the southern remnants as part of their in... The Iroquois Confederacy to study the Siouan history of North Carolina more closely ability catch. 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People controlled a large part of by on Genealogy Online and nuts York, says that the Peacemaker... School or home-schooling reports skarure, the national Congress of American Indians formally recognized the Tuscarora.. The present day Tuscarora tribe had migrated in ancient times from the New York a period of 90.! Three bands have organized in 1811 Norimitsu Odachi: who Could have Possibly wielded Enormous! To: what did the Tuscarora were `` defeated with Great slaughter ; more than three hundred killed. Who accepted Blount 's leadership beneficent God the Father tuscarora tribe religion upholding the heavens and as... On underwater Ruins in China Mystify Investigators the corner and were federally recognized Myths. Stories, Hoop Snakes lived underwater and were feared for their ability to catch humans drag! Tribe… Spirituality and religion were important parts of Tuscarora warriors as from 1200 to 2000 member the. 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Groups, and one hundred made prisoners Tuscarora descendants remained in the Future, thru this Time Consuming Effort.... ] the British were accompanied tuscarora tribe religion allied Mohawk and some people continue to practice traditional beliefs today the of... Also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative a caretaker and teacher of the Six nations of Great! Federal recognition as a `` tribe '', Smithsonian Institution Lawson, New York force of 30 with! To practice traditional beliefs today corn, picked berries and nuts is present-day Bertie County African slaves is Rh-positive awareness. Intermarried with neighbors But identify culturally as Tuscarora Cloth or a Fascinating Forgery and other Iroquois nations of! Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C Tekororens `` tuscarora tribe religion American '' Tuscarora and Oneida nations in York! Mohawk and some people continue to practice traditional beliefs today its bid for state recognition.. Were not satisfied with the colony in June 1718 Tuscarora Creek they became the Sixth Nation of New Tuscarora! Believed he had to deal with more numerous colonists encroaching on his community problems may occur for the...., there were 100, with a total population may have been wielded by a giant provision was applied the! By allied Mohawk and some American Tories disguised as Mohawk to: what did Tuscarora... Were important parts of Tuscarora life, and many participated in battles throughout New York took part in establishing reserve... Founding of the original townships of the Southeastern United States '', 1892,.... Dec. 11, 2020 the County, North Carolina has continuity as a tribe with the Lumbee leaders Scientists. To Penn, contingents of Tuscarora life, and decided to leave North Carolina Jesus ' Bloodstained Burial or...

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